What is acidity?
Acidity is an unpleasant burning sensation in the chest that travels down the throat and throat. This can be a symptom of many conditions, including acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and even pregnancy.
If you have acidity you may experience a bitter or sour taste in your throat. Acidity can last from minutes to hours. Lying down after eating or immediately after eating often makes you feel worse.
How does acidity feel?
Heartburn is usually a burning sensation in the middle of the chest behind the breastbone.
If you have heartburn, you may also experience the following symptoms:
- A burning sensation in the chest that lasts minutes to hours.
- Chest pain when bending over or lying down
- . Burning sensation in the throat.
- A hot, sour, or salty taste in the throat.
- Difficult to swallow.
What Causes acidity?
To understand why heartburn occurs, it helps to understand how the esophagus and stomach work. When you eat, food travels through a long tube that connects your mouth to your stomach. This tube is called the esophagus.
At the bottom of the esophagus is a valve called the esophageal sphincter. This valve opens to let food pass and closes to contain the contents of the stomach. The stomach contains a mixture of very strong acids that start the process of breaking down (digesting) food. Your stomach is designed to absorb this mixture. However, your esophagus cannot hold this mixture unless it is injured.
The valve that separates the stomach and esophagus may not close properly and some of the acid mixture in the stomach may flow back up into the esophagus. Reflux often causes a burning sensation like heartburn. There are several medical conditions that can cause reflux and cause heartburn.
- Hiatal hernia (when the stomach bulges into the chest).
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- Certain drugs, especially anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin.
Acidity can also be caused by diet and certain lifestyle factors, such as what you eat, how much you eat, and what you eat before bed.
What Can Trigger Acidity?
Heartburn can be caused by many things that are part of everyday life. For many people, heartburn can be caused by specific diets and lifestyle habits. These habits also include eating large amounts of food, being too close to bedtime, or having high levels of stress.
Certain foods and drinks can also cause heartburn in some people. Foods and drinks that can cause heartburn include:
- citrus fruit.
- high-fat foods.
- Tomato-based product. alcohol.
- citrus juice.
- caffeinated beverages.
- soda drink.
Lifestyle habits can also cause heartburn. These everyday factors often contribute to heartburn-causing conditions such as GERD and hiatal hernia. Lifestyle habits that can cause heartburn include:
- become overweight.
- become a smoker.
- High stress.
- Wear tight clothing and a belt.
How is acidity treated?
In most cases, heartburn can be treated at home with over-the-counter medications and lifestyle changes. Occasional heartburn is common and usually not severe. However, if you experience frequent and severe heartburn, consult your doctor.
This could be a sign of a chronic disease like GERD. GERD can lead to other serious conditions such as esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and even cancer. In some cases, your doctor may want to perform an endoscopy to check your underlying medication status. An endoscopy is an examination of the digestive tract using a flexible, lighted instrument.
Over-the-counter heartburn remedies usually contain antacids and antacids.
Are there any side effects of antacids?
Some antacids contain magnesium or sodium bicarbonate, which acts as a laxative. Do not take antacids if you have symptoms of appendicitis or intestinal inflammation. Side effects of antacids include:
- White or pale stools.
- stomach cramps.
- Serious side effects can occur from overdose or overuse of antacids.
If you experience any of the following potentially serious side effects after taking an acid blocker, tell your doctor right away.
- Tightness in the chest. bleeding.
- sore throat.
- Cardiac arrhythmia.
- Weakness or unusual fatigue.
Can heartburn be prevented?
Heartburn can often be prevented or treated by making changes in diet and lifestyle. These changes include:
Don't go to bed on a full stomach. Stop eating at least 3-4 hours before you lie down. This gives your stomach time to empty and reduces the chances of heartburn overnight. Avoid overeating. Reduce portion sizes during meals to reduce the risk of heartburn. Instead of 3 large meals, you can also try 4 or 5 small meals.
slow it down.
Eating slowly can help prevent heartburn. Don't eat too fast, putting your fork between bites.
Please wear loose clothing.
Belts and tight clothing can cause heartburn. Changing your wardrobe to avoid these items may help prevent heartburn.
Avoid certain foods.
For many people, there are certain foods that cause heartburn. Avoiding these foods can help. Keep a log of these foods so you can pay attention to them in the future. Doctors may also recommend avoiding alcohol.
Maintain a healthy weight
Losing weight often helps relieve heartburn.
Do not smoke
Nicotine can weaken the lower esophageal sphincter (the valve that separates the stomach from the esophagus). Quitting smoking is recommended not only for the strength of this valve, but also for your overall health.
Sleep on your left side.
This aids digestion and can aid in faster removal of acid from the stomach and esophagus.
Home remedies to treat acidity:
Drinking a teaspoon of fennel powder and a glass of warm water can help reduce acidity and symptoms such as heartburn and bloating, and improve digestion.
2. Black cumin seed
Chew cumin seeds directly, or boil 1 teaspoon in a glass of water and drink to reduce acidity.
Black cumin seed protects the stomach. They are effective in reducing and preventing hypochlorhydria and its symptoms such as heartburn, pain, nausea, bloating, and constipation.
Suck a clove to get rid of stomach acid and symptoms like bloating, indigestion, nausea, and stomach irritation.
4. lukewarm water
Drinking a glass of lukewarm water on an empty stomach and in the evening before bed can help reduce acidity.
5. Watermelon juice
A glass of watermelon juice effectively reduces acidity and is also useful for digestion.
Chew 1 Cardamom Capsule Daily to Prevent Acidity and Flatulence and Improve Digestion
7. Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains protein, enzymes, and pectin, making it extremely nutritious and a great addition to your diet. Some people argue that acid reflux can be caused by low levels of stomach acid, and that vinegar can introduce more acid into your system.
Almonds are rich in nutrients and fiber, both of which can help reduce the risk of heartburn and help absorb acids. Although there is no significant clinical evidence to support this, the nutritional profile of almonds speaks for itself. More broadly, acid problems are also related to appetite and diet. Due to their high nutritional value, almonds can help balance these factors.
Jaggery contains both potassium and magnesium. Potassium is important for maintaining pH balance and stimulating mucus production in the gastric mucosa. This will help prevent hyperacidity and relieve symptoms. Magnesium is necessary to keep the digestive system strong and functioning properly, reducing the risk of acidosis and other digestive problems.
10. Mint leaves
Mint leaves not only support digestion, but also have a cooling effect on the whole body. For temporary relief and long-term heartburn support, mint leaves are a simple and elegant solution.
The lactic acid contained in buttermilk normalizes the acidity of the stomach and has a soothing effect. A glass of buttermilk with black pepper and coriander provides instant relief from acid symptoms.
Chewing raw ginger or drinking ginger tea can help prevent hyperacidity and its symptoms. It also supports digestion.
Eating a banana neutralizes the sourness and soothes acidity.
A mixture of milk and bananas can help curb excess acid secretion.
Papaya reduces gastric acid secretion and removes stomach acid.
This effect is due to the enzyme papain contained in papaya.
Taking ajwain relieves hyperacidity and flatulence. It is very good for digestion and is an effective antacid.
16. Cold Milk
Drinking a glass of cold milk will quickly reduce the acidity.
17. Baking soda
Taking 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda mixed with 1/2 cup of water provides immediate relief from acidity and heartburn.
Adding turmeric to our diet reduces the acidity and heartburn it causes.
19. Sleep on your left side
If the food suggestions above don't help, you can always try non-food methods such as: Sleeping on the left side! Anatomy has a lot to do with handling this acid. The esophagus enters the stomach on the right side, so having the esophagus on the left means that the lower esophageal sphincter is above the level of stomach acid.
Lying on your right side allows stomach acid to coat this sphincter, increasing the risk of acid reflux.
20. Chew gum
Some studies have shown that chewing gum can help reduce acidity, as the bicarbonate in chewing gum helps neutralize acids and prevent reflux. More research is needed to confirm this finding, but chewing gum may also help produce more saliva and clear the esophagus.