What is Acne?
Acne is a common skin condition in which pores on the skin become clogged with hair, sebum (oily substance), bacteria, and dead skin cells. These blockages produce, pimples, nodules, and other types of acne. If you have acne, know that you are not alone. This is the most common skin condition people experience. It's estimated that 80% of people between the ages of 11 and 30 have at least mild acne, and most people will experience it at some point in their lives.
What are the types of acne?
It can take many forms. They include:
Blackheads: open bumps on the skin filled with excess sebum and dead skin. The hump looks like it's filled with dirt, but it's a dark spot caused by the irregular reflection of light from the clogged follicle.
Pimples: Bumps that remain closed with sebum and dead skin cells.
Papules: Small, inflamed red or pink bumps.
Pustule: A rash with pus. It looks like a pimple surrounded by a red ring. Picking or scratching can cause injury. Fungal acne (Pityrosporum folliculitis): This type occurs when an excess of yeast develops in the hair follicle. It May cause itching and inflammation.
Nodules: Hard pimples deep in the skin. They are big and painful.
Cyst: A pimple filled with pus. These can cause scars.
What Causes Acne?
It is a hormonal disorder driven primarily by androgenic hormones and usually becomes active during her teenage years and young adulthood. Sensitivity to these hormones, combined with bacteria on the surface of the skin and fatty acids in the sebaceous glands, can cause these pimples.
Certain things can cause or worsen acne:
- Changes in hormone levels before and after menstruation in women. Pick acne scars.
- Clothing and headgear such as hats and sports helmets.
- Air pollution and certain weather conditions, especially high humidity.
- Using oily or greasy personal care products (such as thick lotions, creams, or hair pomades or waxes), or working in areas that come into regular contact with oils (e.g., in restaurants with greasy food surfaces and frying oils) work, etc.).
- Stress, which increases the hormone
- cortisol can also make it worse.
- some drugs.
How is Acne Diagnosed?
A doctor can diagnose it during a skin exam. They may also ask if you are under significant stress or if you have a family history of acne, all of which are risk factors.
Sometimes Sudden, severe acne breakouts in older people may indicate another underlying medical condition that should be seen by a doctor.
How bad does acne get?
Dermatologists classify acne according to its severity.
Grade 1 (Mild): Mostly acne and blackheads, with a few papules and pustules.
Grade 2 (moderate or pustular acne): Multiple papules and pustules, mainly on the face.
Grade 3 (moderate or nodulocystic acne): numerous papules and pustules, and occasional inflamed nodules. The back and chest can also be affected.
Grade 4 (severe nodulocystic acne): Numerous large, painful, inflamed pustules and nodules.
Can Acne Cause Scars?
Acne sometimes leads to scarring. It occurs when acne penetrates the skin and damages deeper layers. Inflammation causes acne pores to swell and pore walls to break down. Of course, scarring can be a source of anxiety, and this is normal. But before treating it, your doctor will determine which type of acne caused the scar.
There are several treatment options available. Chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser resurfacing micro-needling, and surgery can all be used to treat the scars.
How is acne treated?
Your doctor may suggest non-prescription medications for your condition. Depending on the severity of your condition, your age, the type of acne you have, and the effectiveness of over-the-counter medications, you may need stronger prescription medications.
Certain contraceptives may help women with acne. The Food and Drug Administration has approved her three birth control pills to treat acne. All four contain a combination of estrogen (the main female sex hormone) and progesterone (a naturally occurring steroid that helps regulate menstruation). Various drugs and treatments have proven effective. They target the underlying factors that contribute to acne. Depending on the severity of your condition, you may need at least one or more.
Benzoyl peroxide is available over-the-counter (Clearasil®, Stridex®, PanOxyl®, etc.) as a leave-on gel or cleansing gel. It targets surface bacteria that often aggravate acne. The low-concentration wash formula is less irritating to the skin. Irritation (dryness) is a common side effect.
Salicylic acid is available over the counter as an acne remedy, cleanser, or lotion. Helps remove the top layer of damaged skin. Salicylic acid dissolves dead skin cells and prevents hair follicles from becoming clogged.
Azelaic acid is a natural acid found in various grains such as barley, wheat, and rye. Kills microbes on the skin and reduces swelling.
Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives) such as Retin-A®, Tazorac®, and Differin® (now available over the counter) dissolve blackheads and whiteheads and help prevent clogged pores, the first sign of acne. Most patients are candidates for retinoid therapy. These medications are not spotted treatments and should be applied to all areas of acne-affected skin to prevent new pimples from forming. The most common side effects are irritation and usually moisture. It is ameliorated by supplementation and long-term use of the drug.
Antibiotics (topical types include clindamycin and erythromycin) control surface bacteria that aggravate acne and often promote swelling. Antibiotics are more effective when combined with benzoyl peroxide. is. Dapsone (Aczone®) is a topical gel that also has antibacterial properties and can be used on inflamed acne. Apply to skin twice daily.
Oral medications (by mouth):
Antibiotics, especially tetracycline antibiotics such as minocycline and doxycycline, are commonly used to treat moderate to severe acne.
Birth control pills help with breakouts related to the menstrual cycle.
Three classes of drugs are approved by the FDA for acne sufferers. Brand names include Estrostep®, Beyaz®, Ortho Tri-Cyclen®, and Yaz®.
The oral retinoid isotretinoin (Amnvalue®, Claravis®, Sotret®) is a particularly effective drug used only for the most severe forms of acne. Isotretinoin reduces the size of the sebaceous glands that contribute to the formation of acne.
Dryness is the most common side effect, but it can also cause birth defects. Some evidence points to a possible increased risk of ulcerative colitis and depression. Because of these risks, anyone using this drug should participate in a Food and Drug Administration-approved risk management program called iPledge.
Depending on your condition, your doctor may suggest one of these specialized treatments, possibly in combination with medication.
Steroids are rarely used or injected to treat severe acne
Currently, lasers are mainly used to treat acne scars. The laser delivers heat to damaged collagen under the skin. It relies on the body's wound-healing response to create new, healthy collagen, which encourages new skin growth to replace it. There are different types of laser resurfacing, ablative and non-ablative. A dermatologist will determine the best type for your skin type and acne scars.
This treatment uses special chemicals to remove the top layer of dead skin. Usually, when the top layer is removed, the new skin that regrows is smoother and can reduce acne scarring.
Can Acne Be Prevented?
Preventing acne during normal hormonal changes is difficult, if not impossible.
Wash your face daily with lukewarm water and a mild cleanser.
Home remedies to treat acne
Use moisturizer regularly.
You don't have to stop wearing make-up, but use "non-comedogenic" products and remove make-up at the end of each day.
Keep your hands away from your face.
Thanks to its astringent and exfoliating properties, lemon juice has many benefits in treating acne. Simply squeeze the lemon into a bowl and add a few drops of rose water. Apply this mixture to the affected areas such as the neck and face using a cotton ball. It not only prevents the formation of pimples but also contributes to glowing skin and reduces the appearance of scars.
This cooling gel does wonders for your skin! Simply cut an aloe bud in half, scoop it out with a spoon, and apply the gel to the pimple. Make this a regular ritual and say goodbye to bacterial infections and acne-causing inflammation.
This powerful nutrient is also a great natural candidate for the treatment of pimples. Apply a healthy amount of honey directly to the ne and allow it to dry. You can wash it off in about an hour! The stickiness of honey removes excess dirt from the pores.
Mint can help unclog pores and control bacterial infections. Whisk to form a smooth paste and apply to the face. Allow to dry for 10 minutes, then rinse with cold water.
Spot treat with tea tree oil
pimples respond well to Melalecure, better known as tea tree oil. It is used worldwide as an antiseptic and wound treatment. Like coconut oil, and milk products, it fights bacteria and fungi.
Medical studies show that tea tree oil gels containing 5% tea tree oil are as effective as medications containing 5% benzoyl peroxide. Be patient, as they point out that it can be slow. To easily get rid of pimples with tea tree oil, add 4-8 drops of tea tree oil and 1 teaspoon of coconut or jojoba oil. are mixed. Lightly tap the area of concern. A slight tingling sensation is normal, but discontinue use if severe tingling occurs with use. Always use a crier oil as tea tree oil is too irritating to apply directly to the skin.
Some other ingredients can be used on the skin to reduce inflammation, such as chamomile oil and aloe vera. It is beneficial when
Fight bacteria with holy basil
A report published found that essential oils of holy and sweet basil fight acne caused by bacteria.
In a study, sweet basil oil was slightly better than holy basil oil for topical application. Holy basil oil tea or tulsi tea supports healthy blood sugar and hormone levels. Both of these conditions are associated with acne, so a daily intake of herbal teas naturally balances hormones and helps fight acne from the inside out. Additionally, holy basil tea can be applied topically to the skin as a toner and acts as one of many home remedies for acne. Or you can add it to your scrub recipe.
Avoid Excessive Sunbathing
For acne-prone skin during breakouts, it's important to protect yourself from sun exposure, as UV light stimulates pigment-producing cells, increasing the risk of pimple scars. Your best option is to use a natural sunscreen and get only the right amount of direct sunlight each day (about 15-20 minutes on most days).
Commercial sunscreens are full of harmful chemicals that can irritate sensitive or acne-prone skin. Research shows that, like olive oil, coconut oil has an SPF value of 8. When using sunscreen, apply a moderate amount to exposed skin every few hours and avoid overdoing it during the daily "peak" hours of direct sun exposure between 10 and 3.