What is asthma?
Asthma also called bronchial asthma, is a disease that affects the lungs. This is a chronic (ongoing) condition that is incurable and requires ongoing treatment.
Today, it is a common problem in more than 25 million people in the United States. This total includes over 5 million children. It can be life-threatening if left untreated.
What types of asthma are there?
It is classified into types based on the cause and severity of symptoms.
Intermittent: This type of asthma can feel normal between asthma attacks.
Persistent: It means you have symptoms most of the time. Symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe.
Asthma has several causes.
Allergies: Allergies in some people can trigger asthma attacks. Allergens include mold, pollen, and pet dander.
Allergies: External factors can make it even worse. Exercise, stress, illness, and weather can all trigger flare-ups.
Other types of asthma include:
Adult-onset: This type of asthma develops after he is 18 years old.
Pediatrics: This type, also called childhood asthma, often begins before five and can occur in young children. Children can get rid of asthma. It's important to discuss this with your doctor before deciding whether your child should have an inhaler handy if he has asthma.
In addition, there are the following types of asthma:
Exercise-induced asthma: This type is caused by exercise and is also known as exertional bronchospasm.
Occupational asthma: This type occurs mainly in people who work with irritating substances.
Asthma-COPD Overlap Syndrome (ACOS): This type occurs when you have both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both diseases make breathing difficult.
What Causes Asthma?
Researchers don't know why some people have asthma and others don't, but certain factors put them at higher risk.
Allergies: Allergies can increase the risk of asthma.
Environmental Factors: Exposure to airway irritants can cause asthma. These substances include allergens, toxins, smoke, and second or third-hand smoke. These can be especially harmful to infants and young children whose immune systems are not yet fully developed.
Genetics: If you have a family history of asthma or allergic disease, you are at a higher risk of developing the disease.
What are common triggers for asthma attacks?
Contact with irritating substances may cause an asthma attack. Doctors usually call these substances "triggers." Knowing what triggers your asthma can help you avoid an asthma attack.
For some, triggers can trigger attacks instantly. With others, or at other times, attacks may begin hours or days later. Triggers may vary from person to person. However, some common triggers are:
Air Pollution: Many things outdoors can trigger an asthma attack. Air pollution includes factory exhaust, automobile exhaust, and wildfire smoke.
House dust mites: These insects are invisible, but they live in our homes. If you have a dust mite allergy, it can trigger an asthma attack.
Exercise: For some people, exercise can trigger seizures.
Mold: Mold grows in damp areas and can cause asthma problems. You don't have to be allergic to mold to get mold.
Pests: Cockroaches, rats, and other household pests can trigger related attacks.
Pets: Pets can trigger asthma attacks. If you are allergic to pet dander (dry dander), inhaling it can irritate your respiratory system.
Tobacco smoke: If you or someone in your family smokes, you are at a higher risk of developing this. You should never smoke in a car or in an enclosed space like your home, the best solution is to quit smoking.
Strong chemicals or odors. These things can cause aggression in some people.
Specific occupational exposure. As you work, you can be exposed to various things, including detergents, flour and wood dust, and other chemicals. All of these can trigger this illness.
What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
People with this usually have obvious symptoms. These signs and symptoms are similar to many respiratory infections.
- Tightness, pain, tightness in the chest.
- Cough (especially at night).
- Difficulty breathing.
- In this illness, not all of these symptoms occur with each flare-up. Chronic asthma may present with different symptoms and signs at different times.
Also, symptoms can change between the related attacks.
What are my options for treating asthma?
There are options for treating this disease. Your doctor may prescribe medications to control your symptoms. These include:
Bronchodilators: These drugs relax the muscles around the airways. Relaxed muscles allow the airways to move air. It also allows mucus to move more easily through the airways. These drugs relieve symptoms when they occur and are used for intermittent and chronic asthma.
Anti-inflammatory drugs: These drugs reduce airway swelling and mucus production. They make it easier for air to move in and out of the lungs. Your doctor may prescribe daily use to control or prevent symptoms of chronic asthma.
Biological Asthma Therapy: These are used for severe asthma when symptoms persist despite adequate inhaled therapy.
Medications for asthma can be taken in different ways. You can inhale the medicine using a metered dose inhaler, nebulizer, or other related inhalers. Your doctor may prescribe oral medications that you swallow.
Home remedies to treat asthma :
Honey has also long been used as a natural cough remedy, and studies have shown that a spoonful of honey can help relieve cough symptoms in adults and children over the age of one. Soothes irritation of the throat and mucous membranes. It also contains antioxidant and antibacterial properties that aid in healing.
A study comparing the effects of honey, a cough suppressant (dextromethorphan), and an antihistamine (diphenhydramine) on nighttime coughs from upper respiratory tract infections in 139 children found that honey provided the most incredible symptom relief.
For those with this illness who suffer from nighttime coughs, a teaspoon or two of honey may provide relief.
Studies suggest that ginger has bronchial relaxant properties, but few clinical studies have examined the use of ginger in actual asthma patients. , found that ginger extract may help control asthma by affecting primary cells that influence airway symptoms.
An additional clinical study will investigate whether taking 2g of ginger extract daily improves airway inflammation or blood levels of inflammatory markers in people with such disease.
Ginger can be eaten raw, or the dried root can be used to flavor dishes. It can also be taken as tablets, capsules, liquid extracts, and teas. Side effects are mild and include abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas.
It is not yet known whether ginger interacts with drugs, although some suspect it may interact with anticoagulants (blood thinners)
Garlic used in respiratory diseases has not been studied directly for this illness, but research suggests that raw garlic and garlic extract have anti-inflammatory properties.
Whether this has any benefit in inflammatory conditions such as asthma is unknown. Additionally, the anti-inflammatory properties of garlic are reduced when heated.
The amount of garlic normally eaten in food is generally safe. However, some people are allergic to garlic. Side effects, especially with raw garlic, include bad breath and body odor, heartburn, and an upset stomach.
Garlic supplements may interact with some medications, including Invirase (Saquinavir), which is used to treat HIV. It may also increase the risk of bleeding for those taking blood thinners such as coumadin (warfarin).
turmeric and curcumin
Curcumin is the main active ingredient in turmeric, a root, and spice commonly used in South Asian cuisine such as curries.
omega 3 oil
Omega-3 oils found in fish and flaxseed have been shown to have many health benefits. It also helps reduce airway inflammation and improve lung function in people with severe asthma.
However, high doses of oral steroids may interfere with the beneficial effects of omega-3 oils. It is recommended that you consult your doctor before increasing your omega-3 intake.
Caffeine is a bronchodilator and can reduce respiratory muscle fatigue. A 2010 study showed that caffeine is beneficial for asthma sufferers. It can improve respiratory function for up to 4 hours after ingestion.
Yoga includes stretching and breathing exercises to increase flexibility and improve overall fitness. For many people, practicing yoga can help relieve the stress that triggers asthma. Breathing techniques used in yoga can also help reduce the frequency of asthma attacks. However, there is currently no conclusive evidence to support this.