What is back pain?
Back pain can result from a variety of injuries, conditions, or illnesses. The most common are back muscle or tendon injuries.
Pain can range from mild to severe. In some cases, pain can make it difficult or impossible to walk, sleep, work, or perform daily activities.
Back pain usually improves with rest, pain relievers, and physical therapy (PT). Cortisone injections and manual treatments (such as osteopathic or chiropractic manipulation) can reduce pain and aid the healing process. Some back injuries and conditions require surgical repair.
How common is back pain?
4 out of 5 will experience back pain at some point in their lives. This is one of the most common reasons people seek a healthcare provider.
Some people suffer from back pain more often than others.
Risk factors for back pain include:
Age: People over the age of 30 have more back pain. Intervertebral discs (soft, rubbery tissue that cushion the bones of your spine) wear down as you age. As the discs weaken and wear away, they can cause pain and stiffness.
Weight: People who are overweight/obese, or have excess weight, are more likely to experience back pain. Being overweight puts strain on joints and discs.
General Health: Weak abdominal muscles are unable to support the spine and can lead to back strain and sprains. Smokers, heavy drinkers, or people who lead a sedentary lifestyle are more prone to back pain. increased risk of
Occupation and Lifestyle: Occupations and activities that involve heavy lifting or bending can increase the risk of back injuries.
Structural Issues: Severe back pain can be caused by conditions such as scoliosis that change the alignment of the spine.
Diseases: People with a family history of osteoarthritis, certain cancers, and other diseases are at increased risk of back pain.
Mental Health: Back pain can be caused by depression and anxiety.
What are the symptoms of back pain?
Symptoms of back pain may appear suddenly or gradually. Pain may occur after certain events. After bending over to pick up something. Otherwise, the cause of the pain may not be known.
The pain may be sharp or dull and aching and may radiate to the buttocks or back of the leg (sciatica). If you strain your back during activity, you may hear a popping sound. Pain is often worse in certain positions (such as crouching) and improves when lying down.
Other symptoms of back pain are:
Stiffness: It can be difficult to move or straighten your back. It may take longer to get up from a sitting position, and you may feel the need to walk or stretch to relax. Posture issues: Many people with back pain find it difficult to stand up straight. Instead of aligning your torso with your spine, you may lean to the side to "lean" or slouch. It may look flat instead of bent at the waist.
Muscle spasms: After exercise, the muscles in your lower back may spasm or contract uncontrollably. Muscle spasms can cause extreme pain and make it difficult or impossible to stand, walk, or move.
What Causes Back Pain?
Many injuries, conditions, and illnesses can cause back pain. They include:
Strains and Sprains: Back strains and sprains are the most common causes of back pain. Lifting objects that are too heavy or unsafe can damage muscles, tendons, or ligaments. Some people strain their backs by sneezing, coughing, twisting, and bending over. Fractures: Bones in the spine can be fractured in accidents.
Traffic accidents or falls. Certain medical conditions (such as spondylosis and osteoporosis) increase the risk of fractures.
Intervertebral disc problems: Intervertebral discs cushion the vertebrae (small bones of the spine). A disc can bulge out of its position in the spine and press on a nerve. It can also tear (a herniated disc). As we age, the discs can flatten and become less protective (degenerative disc disease).
Structural Problems: When the spine is too narrow for the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis occurs. If something pinches the spinal cord, it can cause severe pain in the sciatic nerve and lower back. Scoliosis (curvature of the spine) can cause pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving.
How is back pain diagnosed?
Doctors ask about symptoms and do a physical examination. Your doctor may order imaging tests to look for fractures or other injuries. These tests help doctors see clear images of your vertebrae, discs, muscles, ligaments, and tendons.
Your doctor can ask for the following:
A spine x-ray uses radiation to create images of the bones. MRI, uses magnets and radio waves to make pictures of bones, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues.
A CT scan that uses x-rays and a computer to create a 3D image of him of bones and soft tissue.
Electromyography (EMG) to test the nerves and muscles and check for nerve damage (nerve damage) that can cause tingling or numbness in the legs.
Doctors may also do blood and urine tests, depending on the cause of the pain. Blood tests can detect genetic markers for some conditions that cause back pain (such as ankylosing spondylitis). A urine test checks for kidney stones that cause pain in the flank (side of the waist).
What is the treatment for back pain?
Back pain usually improves with rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain relievers. After a few days of rest, you can return to your normal activities. Staying active increases blood flow to the area and aids in healing. Other treatments for back pain depend on the cause. They include:
Medications: Your doctor may recommend non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or prescription medications for pain relief. Other drugs relax muscles and prevent back spasms.
Physiotherapy (PT): PT strengthens your muscles and allows you to support your spine. PT also improves flexibility and helps prevent another injury. Hands-On Manipulation: Multiple "hands-on" treatments can help you relax tight muscles, relieve pain, and improve your posture and alignment. Depending on the cause of the pain, osteopathic manipulation or chiropractic adjustments may be required. Massage therapy can also help relieve back pain and restore function.
Injection: Your doctor will use a needle to inject the medicine into the area that is causing you pain. Steroid injections relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Surgery: Some injuries and conditions require surgical repair. There are many different types of back pain surgery, including many minimally invasive techniques.
Can back pain be prevented?
Back pain caused by spinal disease or structural problems cannot be prevented. But you can avoid injuries that cause back pain.
To reduce your risk of back injury, you should:
Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight puts strain on your vertebrae and discs.
Strengthen your abdominal muscles: Pilates and other exercise programs strengthen your core muscles that support your spine. Lift Properly: To avoid injury, lift with your feet (not your back). Keep heavy objects close to your body. Avoid twisting your torso as you lift.
Turmeric, an Asian spice, has antioxidant, anti-arthritic, and anti-inflammatory properties.
A simple way to consume turmeric is to mix a small amount (1/2 teaspoon) of turmeric powder with a glass of warm milk. If you prefer a sweeter taste, you can add honey or stevia to your milk. It is recommended to drink this drink just before bed so that the anti-inflammatory process works while you sleep.
Consuming dairy products can increase inflammation in some people, so try plant-based milks such as almond milk.
ginger green tea
You can also try an infused herbal drink like Ginger Green Tea, which contains the pain-relieving benefits of both green tea 5 and ginger 6, at work and at home.
Over time, these anti-inflammatory agents can accumulate in the bloodstream, so including these beverages in your daily diet can help reduce overall inflammation and prevent new inflammatory pain. It's helpful.
Avoid excessive sitting or use a standing desk while working. Sitting for long periods increases pressure on the intervertebral discs. Try to get up and walk short distances every hour to reduce the stress on your discs.
Check your posture
Check your posture and adjust the position of your neck, shoulders and back to avoid straining your spine. Improper unsupported posture can cause or exacerbate several back problems. Alternate activities to avoid excessive fatigue of the same muscles and joints. For example, if you've been standing at work for a while, consider switching to another activity that involves sitting. Once your muscles and joints are relaxed, you can stand up again.
Support your body in the heated pool
The buoyancy of the water allows you to enjoy the benefits of exercise with less pain. Exercise in water can also help regulate nerve and muscle function and reduce pain.
If you prefer a warmer pool, check out the aqua aerobics class and hydrotherapy pool. Aquatic therapy exercises are often done in water at about 83 to 88 degrees. Hydrotherapy pool temperatures often exceed 90 degrees.
Apply heat patch
Prepare a self-activating heat patch
A heat patch that activates on contact is a great tool to take on long trips or to keep in your desk or bedside drawer. These heat patches act quickly and can be worn inside clothing to provide continuous heat to relieve back pain. Follow the directions on the package and do not wear the patch for long periods of time to avoid skin damage. Some heat patches are infused with medication for more effective pain relief.