Blood Pressure: causes , tests & natural remedies

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blood pressure
By 25-Aug-2022

 

What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?

 

 

blood pressure

 

 

Blood pressure is a measurement of the pressure or force of blood pushing against the walls of blood vessels. If you have high blood pressure (hypertension), it means that the pressure on your body's blood vessel walls is always too high. High blood pressure is often called the "silent killer." Because even though you may not realize that something is wrong damage is still happening to your body.

 

 A B.P reading has two numbers. The top number is systolic blood pressure, which measures the pressure exerted on the walls of blood vessels when the heart is beating or contracting. The bottom number is diastolic pressure, which measures the pressure exerted on blood vessels between beats when the heart is relaxed.

 

 For example, a blood pressure of 110/70 is in the normal range, but a blood pressure of 135/85 is stage 1 (mild) hypertension.

 

 

What tests are done to diagnose this condition?

Your doctor will use a blood pressure cuff to measure your blood pressure.

 

What drugs are used to treat high blood pressure?

Four classes of antihypertensive drugs are considered "first-line drugs" (the most effective and most commonly prescribed drugs) when starting treatment. These first-line drugs may be used in combination with other drugs to better control high B.P. First-line antihypertensive drugs are:

 

 Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors block the production of the angiotensin II hormone that the body naturally uses to control blood pressure. When angiotensin II is blocked,  blood vessels do not narrow.

 

For example lisinopril (Zestril or Prinivil ), enalapril or captopril.

Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) block the binding of this same hormone to receptors in blood vessels. ARBs act like ACE inhibitors, preventing blood vessels from narrowing. Examples: Metoprolol (Lopressor; Toprol XL), Valsartan (Diovan or Plexartan), or Losartan.

Calcium channel blockers prevent calcium from entering the muscle cells of the heart and blood vessels, causing these blood vessels to relax.  or Tiazac).

Diuretics (water or liquid pills) eliminate excess sodium from the body and reduce the amount of water in the blood. Diuretics are often used with other antihypertensive drugs, sometimes as a combination drug. Examples: indapamide, hydrochlorothiazide (microzide or oretic), or chlorothiazide.

 

Talk to your doctor about possible side effects and problems when taking blood pressure medications. Some drugs should be avoided during pregnancy. If you experience any side effects that worry you, talk to your doctor. You can change the dose or try another drug. Do not stop or start taking the medicine without permission.

 

What should I do if I have high blood pressure?

If your doctor diagnoses you with high blood pressure, he or she will talk to you about recommended blood pressure goals or targets. I can suggest:

 

  • Check your blood pressure regularly with a home sphygmomanometer. These are automated electronic monitors available at most pharmacies or online.
  • Follow a healthy diet that is low in salt and fat.
  • Achieve and maintain peak weight.
  • Men should limit the alcohol intake to no more than 2 drinks per day and women to no more than 1 drink per day for her. Beverages are defined as 1 ounce of alcohol, 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.
  • Be more physically active.
  • Quit smoking and/or using tobacco products. 
  •  Work on controlling your anger and dealing with stress.

 

 

 Home remedies to treat Blood pressure:

 

1. Ashwagandha

One of the main causes of high blood pressure is stress. Ashwagandha is a rich source of adaptogens that help the body deal with stress and anxiety. It also has immune-boosting and calming effects. Ashwagandha can be purchased in powder form on the Internet or at Ayurvedic pharmacies. Mix 2 tablespoons of ashwagandha powder in a glass of water and drink it every morning on an empty stomach.

 

 2. Garlic

 

blood pressure

Eating raw garlic every morning can help control high B.P Research shows that the medicinal properties of garlic are particularly strong in this regard, and it also lowers blood cholesterol levels.

 

3. Arjuna

 

 Arjuna tree bark is famous for its role in controlling high blood pressure in humans. It reduces plaque buildup in blood vessels and reduces pressure on the heart.  Arjuna tree bark is also available in powder form and should be taken with water each morning for the best results.

 

 4. Triphala

 

 Another amazing Ayurvedic medicine that offers myriad health benefits is Triphala. Consuming two tablespoons of Triphala powder each morning helps maintain normal blood pressure levels and reduces cholesterol and plaque buildup in veins and arteries. Its anti-inflammatory properties further reduce the burden on blood vessels.

 

 5. Jatamanasi

 

 This herb contains antioxidants that protect arteries from damage caused by free radicals and control plaque buildup within blood vessels. This herb, like other herbs, is also available in powder form and can be taken in the same manner as Triphala.

 

 6. Ajwain

 

 A popular post-meal mouth freshener in India, it is surprisingly beneficial in reducing the rise in B.P It works by inhibiting the production and function of stress hormones that constrict blood vessels and raise blood pressure. Take a pinch after a heavy meal to aid digestion and control blood pressure.

 

 

7. Amla

 

 

blood pressure

 

Amla or Indian gooseberry, one of his most decorated ingredients in Ayurveda,  can be consumed raw with black salt in the morning or its juice mixed with a tablespoon of honey and consumed daily. increase. Fruits have been shown to lower and improve blood pressure

 

 

8. Honey

Drinking two teaspoons of honey in lukewarm water every morning can do wonders for your health. Honey is an excellent remedy for relaxing blood vessel walls and controlling blood pressure.

 

 

9. Gotu Kola

Gotu kola, also known as Indian pennywort, is commonly used in traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine especially for treating high B.P

 

10. Cucumber

 

Cucumber raita is a diuretic and is said to help control blood pressure along with digestive health. watermelon

Eat watermelon sprinkled with cardamom and coriander. It is said to act as a mild diuretic and help regulate B.P

 

11. Tulsi

 

blood pressure

 

Tulsi is a wonderful Ayurvedic herb that lowers high blood pressure and effectively combats the debilitating signs of high blood pressure such as headaches and fatigue. , contains eugenol,  a natural calcium channel blocker that relaxes blood vessels, making it an effective antihypertensive agent.

 

12. Punarnava

Punarnava is a natural diuretic that promotes blood flow through the kidneys and ensures a healthy blood supply to the kidneys. This beneficial herb restores heart health by lowering blood cholesterol levels, making the heart muscle stronger, controlling blood pressure fluctuations, and reducing the risk of heart diseases such as CVD and arrhythmia.