What is dengue fever?
Dengue fever is a disease transmitted by mosquito bites that carry one of four dengue viruses (DENV). The virus is most common in tropical and subtropical regions such as Central and South America, Africa, parts of Asia, and the Pacific Islands.
It does not spread from person to person unless a pregnant woman passes it on to her child. The initial infection is usually mild, but reinfection with another version of her DENV increases the risk of serious complications.
What are the symptoms of dengue fever?
Most dengue infections do not cause symptoms. A high fever (104°F/40°C) is typical if you have symptoms.
- Severe pain behind the eyes.
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pain in muscles, bones, and joints.
The symptoms appear 4 to 10 days after the mosquito bite and can last 3 to 7 days. About 1 in 20 people with dengue develop severe one after the initial symptoms begin to disappear.
Severe dengue fever (dengue hemorrhagic fever)
Severe stage is an exacerbation of life-threatening symptoms. Severe dengue symptoms are usually seen 24 to 48 hours after the fever subsides. Severe dengue fever is a fatal medical emergency. If you have dengue or live in an area where dengue is endemic, go to the nearest emergency room as soon as you notice any of the following symptoms:
- Stomach/abdominal pain.
- frequent vomiting;
- Hematemesis or blood in the feces (stool).
- Nosebleeds or bleeding gums. Exhaustion,
- restlessness, or irritability.
What causes dengue fever?
It is caused by one of four dengue viruses. When bitten by a dengue-infected mosquito, the virus enters the bloodstream and can make copies of itself. The virus itself and the immune system's response can make you feel sick. Viruses can form blood clots and destroy parts of the blood that give structure to blood vessels. This, along with certain chemicals produced by the immune system, can cause blood to leak out of blood vessels and cause internal bleeding. This leads to the life-threatening symptoms of severe fever.
How does dengue fever spread?
It is transmitted by Aedes aegypti, which carries viruses such as Zika and Chikungunya. This spreads when a mosquito bites an infected person and then bites another person.
How is dengue fever diagnosed?
Dengue fever is diagnosed with a blood test. Your doctor will take a blood sample from your vein and send it to a lab to check for signs of this virus. This also allows you to identify which of the four versions of her you own. Doctors can use blood tests to look for other viruses that cause similar symptoms.
How can I reduce my risk of dengue fever?
The two most important ways to protect yourself from dengue are avoiding mosquito bites and getting vaccinated.
The best way to reduce your risk of dengue fever is to avoid mosquito bites.
Use an EPA-registered repellent
that contains 20% to 30% ET or other ingredients are known to help keep Aedes mosquitoes away.
- Cover exposed skin outdoors, especially at night when mosquitoes are likely.
- Remove standing water (buckets, barrels, bird baths, old tires that can collect rainwater) and fill low spots where water collects.
- Keep mosquitoes out of your home by fixing holes in screens and keeping windows and doors closed whenever possible.
- Use mosquito nets at night in areas where dengue is endemic.
- If you are pregnant, avoid traveling to areas where dengue is endemic.
- When traveling, check with the CDC for disease outbreaks in your destination before you leave.
- dengue fever vaccine
(Dengvaxia™) is recommended only if you have had dengue fever before. Infection with another version of this virus in the future may reduce the risk of severe dengue fever (dengue hemorrhagic fever).
If you have never had dengue fever, vaccination is not recommended. Vaccination before contracting dengue can increase the risk of severe dengue infection because once infected the same, infection with another version of the virus (antibody-dependent amplification) increases the likelihood of becoming ill. There is nature. Your doctor will do blood tests to look for signs of previous dengue infection to make sure you had this illness before vaccination.
Not everyone can receive vaccinations. For example, travelers from the US are still not eligible. Check with your doctor to see if you are eligible for this vaccine.
Ayurveda uses Giloy herb to control heat. In dengue fever, lowering body temperature is very effective. Boosts immunity and fights infections.
Methi leaves help lower body temperature and relieves muscle pain. They can promote sleep and allow the body to rest and heal. Methi seeds can also be used. Just soak overnight and drink on an empty stomach in the morning.
Papaya leaves are beneficial if you want to increase your platelet count. This disease can lead to low platelet counts and complications. They are rich in vitamin C and antioxidants that reduce stress on the body. It also reduces other symptoms such as chills, body aches, nausea, and fatigue. Crush the leaves and scoop out the juice. Aim for about 2 tablespoons daily.
Turmeric is an important spice that heals the body. It has antiseptic, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory effects. Boosts metabolism and initiates inner healing. For best results, add a pinch of turmeric to your milk.
Tulsi or holy basil is almost a miracle herb if you want to boost your immunity. Cook tulsi leaves with black pepper and eat them daily. This helps fight off infections and builds immunity.
Dehydration is a common problem with dengue fever. Make sure you have plenty of water to stay hydrated. This detoxifies the system and also relieves headaches and muscle cramps.
Neem leaves have many purposes. Boil some water and soak the neem leaves for a while. Drinking this water will increase your platelet and white blood cell counts. Neem water formula boosts immunity and strengthens the body. You can also repel mosquitoes around you by burning the dry leaves.
Citrus fruits are very beneficial for dengue fever. The vitamin C found in these fruits, especially the guts and orange juice, boosts immunity, detoxifies the body, initiates cell repair, and helps fight infections.
Goldenseal is an herb with effects similar to papaya leaves. The dried root of this herb is very effective against this fever. It helps remove viruses from the body.
Use mosquito repellent to avoid becoming a victim of the fever. These can be in the form of ointments or using mosquito nets.